How Much Does It Cost to Advertise on Google Ads in 2024?

The advertising cost on Google Ads in 2024 varies based on factors like industry, keywords, and competition. These prices can range from a few cents to several dollars per click, with daily budgets customized to suit individual advertising and strategies. Please read on for more details, and for precise information that is tailored to your needs,  contact today.

Infographic on Google Ads advertising costs featuring a search bar, magnifying glass icon, and example product ads for home decor.

How Much Do Typical Businesses Spend on Google Ads?

Every business has its distinct spending patterns, making the concept of a typical business spend obsolete. With that being said, according to Statista, the average cost-per-click (CPC) in Google Ads varies from $9.35 in online education to $0.69 in electronics.

The primary objective is for the Google Ads campaigns to be profitable. Once this is achieved, budget constraints become less relevant, as increased spending correlates with higher earnings, which builds a symbiotic relationship that empowers businesses to scale their success without predefined limits. 

Chart listing average cost-per-click in USD for industries: Online education leads, followed by insurance, legal, and others down to electronics.


How Much to Bid for Google Ads

When initiating your Google Ads campaign without a predefined bid, Google suggests starting with a most maximum CPC bid of $1. However, it’s important to remember that the key to optimizing your return on ad spend (ROAS) lies in setting a maximum bid below the breakeven point.

The breakeven CPC represents the meeting point where your Google advertising costs align with your profit. Calculated as the conversion rate multiplied by the value per conversion, divided by the target return on investment (ROI), the formula is written as follows:

Breakeven CPC = (Average Conversion Rate x Value per Conversion) / Target ROI

It’s imperative to strike a balance because exceeding the breakeven CPC may yield more conversions but result in an overall loss due to higher ad spend. On the other hand, setting the max bid too low can impact ad ranking, potentially leading to minimal or no conversions. It’s a delicate equilibrium to ensure both cost-effectiveness and performance in your Google Ad endeavors.

Factors Influencing Google Ads Costs

There are several factors that influence the cost of Google Ads, including budget and bids, quality score, ad targeting, ad rank, industry, and country. The competitive rank of keywords, bidding strategies, and more contribute to the overall CPC and determine the effectiveness of your budget allocation in reaching your target audience. Continuous monitoring and optimization of these factors are essential for maximizing the efficiency and ROI of your Google Ads campaigns.

Budget and Bids

Budgets and bids are a cornerstone of Google Ads campaigns.

Budget Considerations

The budget you set for your campaign reflects the total amount you’re willing to spend, directly shaping the frequency and reach of your ads. This financial parameter is adaptable, allowing adjustments based on the campaign’s performance and alignment with overarching business objectives. By regularly fine-tuning your budget, you are empowered to optimize resource allocation, ensuring your advertising strategy remains in harmony with your evolving goals and performance metrics.

Bidding Strategies

The bidding process entails deciding the monetary amount you’re willing to pay for each click, impression, or conversion in your online advertising campaign. Opting for manual bidding provides greater control over bid adjustments, while automated bidding offers efficiency by leveraging algorithms. It’s imperative to align your bidding strategy with specific campaign objectives, whether it’s increasing website traffic, boosting sales, or enhancing brand awareness. These objectives ensure your approach is tailored to your brand and helps achieve the desired outcomes in the most effective manner. 


The pivotal aspect of constructing a Google Ads campaign lies in the careful selection of keywords because they serve as the focal point of the entire campaign.

Keyword Relevance

Selecting keywords requires a keen understanding of the target audience’s intent. This process involves utilizing various match types, such as broad match, broad match modifier, phrase match, and exact match, to precisely align with user queries. Additionally, incorporating negative keywords is essential to exclude irrelevant traffic, ensuring a more refined and targeted reach for your Google Ads campaign. Crafting a comprehensive keyword strategy that incorporates these nuances contributes to a more effective and precision-focused online advertising approach.

Competition and Cost

When looking at keywords, it’s important to know that opting for highly competitive keywords can result in elevated costs, necessitating a strategic balance between popular terms and niches, as well as specific keywords to achieve cost-effectiveness. Leveraging keyword research tools is imperative in identifying optimal keywords within your budget constraints. Whether utilizing paid tools like Semrush or free alternatives like Google’s Keyword Planner, these resources empower you to make informed decisions, ensuring your Google Ads campaign maximizes its impact without overspending. 

Quality Score

If you’re running a Google Ads campaign, quality score is crucial as it directly influences ad ranking, CPC, and overall campaign performance by assessing the relevance and user experience of your ads.

Components of Quality Score

The quality score in Google Ads considers factors such as ad relevance, click-through-rate (CTR), and landing page quality, offering a comprehensive evaluation of the overall user experience. A superior quality score not only translates to lower advertising costs but also enhances the likelihood of securing more favorable ad positions – ultimately optimizing the effectiveness and efficiency of your online advertising campaigns.

How to Improve the Quality Score

Strategically refining ad copy is essential for increasing relevance, capturing user attention, and driving engagement. Simultaneously, improving the user experience of landing pages ensures a seamless journey for visitors, fostering higher conversion rates. Employing a dynamic approach through continuous testing and adjustment of various ad elements, including headlines, descriptions, and visuals, allows for ongoing optimization. This ensures that your Google Ads campaign remains adaptive and attuned to the evolving preferences of your target audience. 

Ad Rank

In Google Ads, ad rank is pivotal because it determines the position of your ad on the search results page, impacting visibility, CTR, and the overall success of your advertising campaign.

Determining Factors

Ad rank is derived by multiplying your bid amount with the quality score, representing a dynamic combination of your willingness to invest and the relevance and effectiveness of your ad content. Achieving a higher ad rank not only influences a better ad placement but also signifies an optimal balance between financial commitment and the compelling appeal of your advertisements.

Strategies to Improve Ad Rank

When it comes to building a strategy to improve ad rank, use caution when increasing bid amounts and ensure that you are adhering to budget constraints. At the same time, focus on elevating ad relevance and enhancing landing page quality to boost your Quality Score. It’s important to monitor competitor strategies and adjust accordingly in order to maintain competitiveness and campaign effectiveness.

Ad Targeting

Ad targeting in Google Ads ensures your advertisements reach the most relevant audience, optimizing the efficiency of your campaign. It aligns ads with the specific demographics, interests, and behaviors of potential customers.

Audience Targeting

Precisely define your audience based on demographics, interest, and behaviors, creating a tailored approach that resonates with potential customers. Additionally, be sure to employ strategic remarketing techniques to re-engage with previous website visitors, reinforcing your brand and fostering a higher likelihood of conversion.

Geographic and Device Targeting

If your business is looking to implement geographic and device targeting, start by selecting precise geographical locations to strategically position your ads and hone in on specific regions that align with your target audience. It’s also important to ensure that your campaigns are optimized for diverse devices, including mobiles and desktops, to maximize reach and engagement across various platforms and user preferences.


The industry that your business is in plays a massive role in how you conduct your Google Ads campaign and it’s important to have a clear understanding of how they work together.

Industry-Specific CPC Trends

There are certain industries, like legal and healthcare, that often have higher CPCs due to higher competition and value per conversion. Conduct thorough research on the average CPCs that are prevalent in your industry in order to effectively create a budget. One strategic approach involves examining competitors’ expenditures through tools such as Semrush and SpyFu, both of which offer insightful estimates on the amounts competitors in a specific industry allocate for particularly keywords. Leveraging this information can be invaluable for establishing a pragmatic budget that aligns with industry standards and positions your campaign for optimal success.

Ad Content and Compliance

Every industry has a different set of standards and audience expectations, so it’s important to customize your ad content to not only meet but exceed industry standards, and align seamlessly with the expectations of your target audience. Additionally, it’s imperative to meticulously adhere to industry-specific advertising regulations, guaranteeing compliance and fostering trust with your audience while maintaining the integrity of your campaigns. Be sure to stay up to date on any regulatory changes and incorporate them into your advertising strategy for a dynamic and responsible approach that resonates positively.


The country in which your business operates in plays a role in how your ad campaigns are structured.

Geographical Influences

The expenses associated with ads can be disparate across countries and regions, making its imperative to consider the range of factors influencing these variations. Assessing local economic conditions, like the level of digital penetration and competitive landscape, are important for formulating a nuanced and effective advertising strategy. A targeted approach that resonates with the unique dynamics of each geographical area is paramount.

Localizing Ad Campaigns

When creating campaigns, be sure to tailor your ad copy and landing pages with meticulous attention to detail, ensuring they resonate authentically with local audiences. This can be done by integrating language nuances, cultural subtleties, and staying attuned to current local search trends. This customized approach fosters a deeper connection with your target demographic and enhances the effectiveness of your campaigns by aligning seamlessly with the specific preferences and expectations prevalent in each locality.

How Google Ads Auction System Works

Infographic explaining the Google Ads auction process with steps: 1. Choose the right bid strategy, 2. Wait, and 3. Keep Optimizing


The Google Ads auction system operates on a real-time bidding model where advertisers bid for ad placements based on specific keywords. Ad position is determined by a combination of the bid amount and the ad’s quality score, which encompasses factors like relevance, click-through rate, and landing page experience. The winner of the auction secures a prominent placement on the search results page, and the cost is calculated as the minimum amount required to outrank the next competitor plus a small increment.

The Role of Ad Rank and Quality Score

Ad Rank, a pivotal element in Google Ads, shapes ad placement by considering both the bid amount and the Quality Score. In turn, the Quality Score assesses multiple dimensions such as the relevance of the ad, the user’s landing page experience, and the CTR. Achieving a higher Quality Score not only enhances the chances of securing a favorable ad position but also underscores the importance of crafting compelling and relevant ads, optimizing landing pages, and fostering engagement to deliver a more satisfying experience for users.

Calculating Cost-Per-Click (CPC)

CPC is intricately calculated within the Google Ads auction system by dividing the Ad Rank of the ad immediately below yours by your Quality Score and then adding $0.01 to the result. This formula emphasizes the competitive nature of the auction, where the CPC is not solely determined by your bid or Quality Score but also by the performance of the ad placement immediately beneath yours. The addition of the $0.01 ensures that you pay a minimal increment above the calculated CPC, providing a fair yet competitive pricing structure within the Google Ads ecosystem. 

How to Budget and Manage Google Ads

To effectively budget and manage Google Ads, start by defining clear campaign objectives and allocating a budget that aligns with your business goals. Regularly monitor and adjust your bids, targeting parameters, and ad content based on performance metrics, ensuring a dynamic approach that optimizes results and maximizes the return on your investment (ROI). Additionally, leverage analytics tools to gain insights into user behavior to refine and enhance your Google Ads strategy over time.

Setting a Realistic Budget

When setting your Google Ads budget, it’s essential to consider industry benchmarks, evaluate the potential ROI, and factor in the various stages of the customer lifecycle. Begin with a modest budget to gauge the effectiveness of your campaigns. As you gather performance data, strategically adjust your budget, gradually increasing it for well-performing campaigns or reallocating resources to areas that demonstrate higher potential for achieving your business objectives. This iterative approach ensures a balanced and informed allocation of resources that evolves with the changing dynamics of the advertising landscape.

Effective Account Management

Consistently auditing PPC campaigns is crucial for maintaining effectiveness and analyzing performance data helps identify areas for improvement and optimization. To streamline this process, leverage PPC management tools or partner with specialized agencies that bring expertise and insights to the table, ensuring a data-driven and strategic approach that maximizes impact. Regular optimization, whether through in-house efforts or external partnerships, is key for staying ahead of industry trends and continually improving PPC ROI.  

What Other Google Ads Related Costs Can I Expect?

Businesses working with Google Ads may encounter costs such as ad creation costs, which involve the design and development of compelling ad content. Additionally, businesses may allocate budget for ongoing analytics tools, testing platforms, or professional services to ensure continuous monitoring, analysis, and optimization of advertising campaigns for sustained success.

Costs to Manage the Ad Campaign

Managing an ad campaign incurs costs related to strategizing, implementing, and optimizing the campaign over time. In-house management involves expenses for skilled personnel, training, and access to analytics tools. Alternatively, outsourcing to a specialized agency may involve service fees, but offers the benefit of leveraging the expertise of professionals who can navigate the complexities of the platforms. This provides a cost-effective solution and enables businesses to focus on core operations while ensuring optimal campaign performance. If your business chooses to work with an agency, there are three models below that outline the associated fees.

Flat Fee

When working with an agency to manage your ad campaigns, a flat fee is a fixed, upfront charge that you pay in exchange for the agency’s services, often on a monthly basis. This can be a great option as it provides budget predictability; businesses know the exact cost regardless of the agency’s workload. It also simplifies financial planning and can be cost-effective for those with consistent advertising needs. However, a potential drawback is that businesses may end up paying the same amount, even if the agency’s workload fluctuates. Additionally, you should carefully assess the comprehensiveness of services covered by the flat fee and ensure that it aligns with your specific campaign requirements and goals.

Performance-Based Fee

A performance-based fee structure ties the agency’s compensation directly to the campaign’s success metrics, such as conversions, clicks, or other predefined key performance indicators (KPIs). The pros of this model include aligning the agency’s incentives with the business’s goals, fostering a result-driven approach. However, a potential downside is that agencies may prioritize short-term gains over long-term strategies to meet immediate KPIs. There may also be disputes over defining successful performance metrics, and businesses should carefully negotiate and clarify these terms to ensure transparency and fair compensation based on agreed-upon outcomes.

Percentage of Ad Spend

Percentage of ad spend is a fee structure where the agency charges a percentage of the total advertising budget allocated by the business for the Google Ads campaign. The pros of this model include transparency, as the agency’s compensation scales with the advertising investment, providing a clear correlation between services rendered and costs incurred. It can also be cost-effective for businesses with fluctuating ad budgets as the fees adjust proportionally.

A potential drawback is that it may incentivize agencies to recommend higher ad budgets to increase their compensation. Businesses should carefully negotiate the percentage to ensure it aligns with industry standards and represents fair compensation for the agency’s services. Additionally, transparency and open communication are crucial to avoid conflicts of interest.

Creation of Assets

The fee for creation of assets in Google Ads campaigns encompasses the development of crucial components such as ad copy and landing pages. This involves the collaborative effort of writers, designers, and web developers to ensure the effectiveness and visual appeal of the advertising materials. The cost for these creative assets varies based on the complexity and scope of the campaign. Businesses may incur expenses for skilled professionals who contribute to crafting compelling ad copy and designing engaging landing pages that align with the campaign’s objectives. It’s essential to budget for these creative services to ensure the overall quality and impact of the campaigns.

When it comes to PPC advertising, it’s important to work with a paid search agency that has a deep understanding of their customer’s needs. Here at, your business benefits from our services that include strategy creation and optimization, keyword and audience research, campaign buildout, campaign optimization, reporting, and A/B testing. Contact us today to learn more about our expertise. 

Infographic stating PPC traffic converts 50% more than organic with target and search bar visuals. Create Negative Keyword Lists

Creating negative keyword lists for Google Ads campaigns is crucial for preventing ads from appearing in irrelevant searches, refining targeting, and ensuring that budget is allocated to the most relevant and valuable audience.

Identifying Irrelevant Keywords

Develop an extensive compilation of keywords that are unrelated to your business or offerings, emphasizing the importance of regularly conducting thorough reviews of search term reports. These routine assessments allow you to pinpoint and add irrelevant terms that may be triggering your ads. This will enable a proactive approach to refining your keyword strategy and optimizing the targeting precision of your Google Ads campaigns for optimal results and cost-effectiveness.

Benefits of Negative Keywords

The creation of negative keywords serves as a robust strategy in safeguarding ads from appearing in response to unrelated search queries. Negative keywords can also enhance the relevance of your advertising campaigns. This heightened relevance contributes to CTR and elevates the Quality Score, which are essential metrics that directly impact the overall performance of your ads. Furthermore, the implementation of negative keyword lists plays a pivotal role in conserving your advertising budget by effectively curbing wasteful clicks. This ensures that financial resources are directed toward audiences genuinely interested in your products or services, thereby maximizing the cost-effectiveness and efficiency of your Google Ads campaign.

Strategic Implementation

Tailor your negative keyword strategy by employing broad, phrase, or exact match variations based on the level of control essential for your campaign objectives. Implementing broad match negatives allows for a comprehensive exclusion of related terms, while phrase match provides more nuanced approach, targeting specific phrases. Exact match negatives offer the highest level of precision, excluding exact matches of the specified terms.

A strategic approach involves continuous updates to the negative keyword list, leveraging insights gained from ongoing campaign performance. Regular analysis and refinement ensure adaptability, allowing your Google Ads strategy to evolve with changing trends, audience behaviors, and search patterns – all of which ultimately enhance the precision and effectiveness of your campaign targeting. 

Optimize Your Landing Page

Optimizing your landing page for Google Ads campaigns is crucial as it directly influences user experience, conversion rates, and Quality Score. This ensures that visitors find relevant and compelling content that aligns seamlessly with the ad, maximizing the overall effectiveness of your advertising efforts.

Landing Page Relevance

It’s imperative that your landing page content, ad copy, and targeted keywords are all aligned in order to create a cohesive user experience that meets expectations. The landing page should promptly and unmistakably deliver on the promises made in the ad providing visitors with precisely what they were seeking. This strategic synchronization not only enhances user satisfaction but also positively impacts your Quality Score, all of which contributes to improved ad rankings and cost-effectiveness in your Google Ads campaigns.

User Experience and Design

Prioritize a user-friendly design with intuitive navigation and prominently displayed calls-to-action (CTAs) for a seamless and engaging experience. Your landing page should be optimized for mobile responsiveness and swift loading times to accommodate the diverse preferences of users across devices in order to foster accessibility and enhancing overall user satisfaction. A streamlined and responsive design not only facilitates easy navigation but also contributes to higher conversion rates, aligning with Google’s emphasis on delivering a positive user experience.

Conversion Optimization

Leverage the effectiveness of A/B testing to experiment with various elements such as headlines, images, and CTAs, systematically refining your landing page to identify the most impactful combination. Clear and compelling copy not only communicates the value proposition, but also actively encourages conversions by addressing user needs and highlighting the benefits of your products or services. This testing approach allows you to fine-tune and optimize your landing page continuously, ensuring that it evolves to meet the preferences and expectations of your target audience.

Use Ad Extensions

Utilizing ad extensions in a Google Ads campaign provide additional information, increase ad visibility, and enhance user engagement, all of which help improve the overall effectiveness and performance of the campaigns.

Types of Ad Extensions

There are a variety of ad extensions, including site link, call, callout, and structured snippet extensions, and all of these can be utilized into your Google Ads campaign strategy. Each type of ad extension serves a distinct purpose by offering additional value to users – from providing more detailed information and encouraging direct content to guiding users towards specific pages on your website. This strategic implementation not only enhances the overall visibility and relevance of your ads but also caters to diverse user preferences and behaviors, which contributes to a more comprehensive and effective advertising approach that aligns with your campaign objectives.

Increase Visibility and Information

The strategic incorporation of ad extensions plays a pivotal role in amplifying the size and visibility of your ad on search engine results pages (SERPs), elevating its prominence and capturing users’ attention. Beyond mere visibility, ad extensions serve as valuable tools for furnishing additional information, empowering users with a more comprehensive understanding of your offerings and making it easier to make informed decisions. By expanding the real estate of your ad and delivering pertinent details, ad extensions contribute to heightened engagement, relevance and the overall success of your Google Ads campaign.

Customization and Targeting

You should consider customizing ad extensions to align with the specific goals and target audience of your campaign, ensuring that each extension serves a purpose in driving the desired actions. Be sure to consistently review and update these extensions to guarantee ongoing relevance and accuracy, adapting them to any changes in business offerings, promotions, or seasonal variations. This will ultimately maintain a dynamic and responsive Google Ads campaign that resonates effectively with your audience and optimizes results.

Monitor Your Metrics

Monitoring your Google Ads campaigns is one of the most important aspects of any successful strategy as it empowers you to make data-driven decisions that push your campaign forward.

Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)

It’s imperative to track essential metrics such as CTR, conversion rate, cost per conversion, and return on ad spend (ROAS) to gain comprehensive insights into the performance of your Google Ads campaign. This will empower you to make informed adjustments and optimizations to maximize efficiency and achieve optimal results. Additionally, monitoring Quality Score provides a valuable indicator of the ad’s relevance and effectiveness in meeting user expectations, fostering a strategic approach to refining and enhancing your strategy.

Data Analysis and Insights

Diving into campaign data and conducting a thorough analysis of user behavior and preferences provides valuable insights that serve as a compass for making informed. By discerning the patterns and trends within the data, you can strategically optimize targeting, messaging, and budget allocation to align with the evolving expectations and demands of your target audience. This will further foster a dynamic and responsive advertising strategy that continually adapts to maximize effectiveness and overall campaign success.

Continuous Optimization

Regularly reviewing campaign performance compared to your business goals empowers data-driven, actionable insights. This allows you to strategically adjust various elements such as bids, targeting parameters, ad copy, and other crucial components, ensuring continuous optimization that aligns with evolving trends, user behaviors, and market dynamics. This ultimately enhances the overall effectiveness and efficiency of your Google Ads campaigns. 

Is Investing in Google Ads Worth It?

Investing in Google Ads can be worthwhile because it provides a powerful platform to reach a vast audience and drive targeted traffic. The effectiveness, however, depends on factors such as campaign strategy, budget allocation, and ongoing optimization efforts to ensure that the investment aligns with business goals and yields a positive ROI.

Return on Investment (ROI) Considerations

There are many sources that claim that Google Ads offers an average ROI of $2 for every $1 spent, however this average can vary widely. Industry dynamics, the efficacy of the ad campaign, characteristics of the target audience, specific objectives of the target audience, and desired ad spend all contribute ROI. Despite these variances, its noted that PPC advertising through Google Ads has the potential to generate substantial traffic and conversions when executed strategically and tailored to the unique requirements of your business and marketing goals.

Balancing SEO and Google Ads

It’s important to integrate your Google Ads and SEO strategies in order to establish a comprehensive digital marketing approach that leverages the strengths of both channels. You can harness the insights from Google Ads to strategically inform and optimize content creation for SEO purposes. By combining these two powerful tools, your business can enhance its online visibility, drive targeted traffic, and achieve a holistic digital presence that aligns with user intent and maximizes the impact of your marketing efforts. This symbiotic integration enables a dynamic strategy where the data-driven decision of Google ads complements the organic and sustainable growth facilitated by SEO. This fosters a robust online presence and drives long-term success in the digital landscape.

Person interacting with a tablet showing advertising analytics icons, symbolizing online ad clicks and digital marketing ROI.


What’s Next?

For personalized assistance in elevating your PPC strategies and achieving your business goals, don't hesitate to take the next step. Call us at (877) 932-6691 or simply fill out our Contact Us form. is an expert website agency ready to discuss your specific PPC needs, offering tailored solutions and guidance to propel your digital success.

Google Ads FAQs

What Should I Look for in a PPC Agency?

The first thing you should look for includes but is not limited to: expertise in Google Ads, a track record of successful campaigns, transparency in communication, and an approach that aligns with your business goals.

How Can a PPC Agency Improve My Google Ads Performance?

A PPC agency can optimize keyword selection, refine ad targeting, improve ad copy and landing pages, and use advanced tools for better performance tracking and adjustments.

What is the Average Cost of Hiring a PPC Agency for Google Ads Management?

Costs vary widely, but they can range from a flat fee to a percentage of ad spend or performance-based fees. It's important to understand which services are included in these costs. For more information about cost of hiring an agency, it’s best to contact the agency and they can provide that information based on your needs.

How Does an Agency Determine the Best Budget for My Google Ads Campaign?

Agencies typically assess your business goals, industry norms, potential ROI, and historical data to set a realistic and effective ad budget.

Can a PPC Agency Help with Creating Ad Assets Like Copy and Landing Pages?

Yes, most agencies have a team of writers, designers, and developers to create compelling ad copy and optimized landing pages.

How Long Does it Take to See Results from a Google Ads Campaign Managed by an Agency?

Results can vary, but typically, you may start seeing initial results within a few weeks. However, it’s important to understand that ongoing optimization is key for long-term success.

Will I Have Full Visibility and Control Over My Google Ads Account with an provides full transparency and regular reporting on campaign performance. Additionally, your team retains control over your Google Ads account.

How Does Ensure My Google Ads Campaign is Aligned with My Business Goals?

We work closely with you to understand your business objectives and tailor the campaign strategy to align with your goals.

Can Integrate Google Ads with My Overall Digital Marketing Strategy?

Yes, offers comprehensive digital marketing services and can integrate Google Ads with other marketing efforts like SEO and social media for a holistic approach.

What is the Process of Onboarding with for Google Ads Management?

The onboarding process involves initial consultations, goal setting, account review, strategy development, and setting up tracking and reporting mechanisms.

About Author

Marina Kyriakopoulos
Marina Kyriakopoulos is one of’s Content Writers. She graduated from DePaul University with a Bachelor’s degree in English and a Master’s degree in Writing and Publishing. Throughout her time at, she has gained experience writing for a variety of industries and prides herself on creating content in an informative and engaging way. When not writing, Marina can be found browsing a local Barnes and Noble or watching the latest streaming series to break the internet.

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